Well Shine Biopolymer maximizes yield in agriculture and aquaculture safely and sustainably. Made from mushroom chitosan rich in beta-glucan, it helps plants and animals thrive.

As conventional farming practices rely heavily on toxic pesticides and continue to degrade soil, chitosan offers a sustainable, eco-friendly alternative for broad-spectrum pathogen control. This remarkable biopolymer can also:

  • Maximize crop yields.
  • Enhance plant growth and activate natural immune defenses.
  • Protect plants against pathogens, drought, and other environmental stresses.
  • Provide an organic biopesticide coating for seeds.
  • Optimize nutrient uptake by promoting robust root development.
  • Improve soil health and restore balance to agricultural ecosystems.
  • Preserve water by acting as an anti-transpiring agent.

In Taiwan, Well Shine Biopolymer helps mango farmers fight diseases such as Melasma. As a natural fertilizer and pesticide substitute, it can increase crop yields, help grow more sustainable crops, and eliminate the need for synthetic chemicals.

Mango

1% Solution

Mango 2

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Mango 3

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In aquaculture, feed with Well Shine can significantly boost survival rates against V. alginolyticus infection in shellfish by strengthening the immune system and promoting faster growth.

Chitosan's antimicrobial and antioxidant properties enable productive, sustainable farming on land and sea.

What is Mushroom Chitosan?

Mushroom chitosan is a versatile biopolymer derived from chitin, one of nature's most renewable organic polymers. It's produced by deacetylating the chitin extracted from mushroom cell walls. Our deacetylating process is significantly more eco-friendly than chitosan derived from crabs and other crustaceans.

Our Well Shine Biopolymer sources include:

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Ganoderma Lucidum (Reishi Mushroom)

Potent source of beta-glucan (β-glucan) - an eco-friendly, biodegradable biopolymer. β-glucan is a promising immunostimulant in aquaculture and triggers plants' innate immune system to defend against pathogens.

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Antrodia Camphorata (Native Taiwan Mushroom)

Enriched with triterpenoids and polysaccharides that are immune-enhancing, anti-inflammatory, and packed with antioxidants. These bioactives help improve plant resilience against environmental stresses and pathogen attacks.

We use patented technology to extract high-quality chitosan, ensuring a non-allergenic, plant-based product free from:

  • Pesticides
  • Heavy metals
  • Ocean pollutants
  • Animal proteins

Chitosan can improve crop yields and quality, including increased fruit size, vitamin and mineral content, and shelf life. Shift to sustainable agriculture.


Chitosan is Safe

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Biodegradable

Chitosan breaks down naturally without leaving harmful residues. A substitute for petrochemical fertilizers that leaves no toxic trail. Through enzymatic action by naturally occurring microorganisms, chitosan biodegrades into non-toxic end products such as:

  • Water.
  • Carbon dioxide.
  • Biomass.

Ideal for sustainable agriculture that reduces environmental impact.


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Biocompatible

Chitosan is non-toxic to humans, animals, and plants. It’s highly biocompatible due to its structural and functional similarities to complex sugars (polysaccharides). It fits seamlessly into organic farming and eco-friendly pest control, ensuring no adverse effects on surrounding ecosystems.

Benefits of Chitosan in Agriculture

Chitosan boosts nutrient absorption and root growth for better yields. It also strengthens plants against stress and reduces chemical pesticides, making farming more sustainable and crops healthier.

1) Improve Crop Yields

Chitosan optimizes nutrient absorption by improving root growth and making nutrient uptake more efficient. Studies prove that chitosan can significantly increase crop yields:

  • Tomatoes: Chitosan treatment on tomato plants led to a remarkable 58.5% increase in fruit yield (Parvin et al., 2019).
  • Soybeans: Applying chitosan to soybean crops resulted in a 38% increase in yield (Darwis et al., 2014).
  • Wheat: Chitosan application under salinity stress increased shoot biomass by up to 44% and root biomass by up to 87%, significantly boosting overall crop productivity. (Quitadamo et al., 2021).
  • Rice: Chitosan can boost rice yield by up to 17%, primarily through seed soaking and soil application, enhancing grain weight and overall productivity (Boonlertnirun et al., 2007).

By enhancing crop yields, chitosan helps farmers achieve better productivity and higher returns, making agriculture more efficient and profitable.

2) Boost Chlorophyll Levels to Promote Photosynthesis

Chlorophyll plays a crucial role in photosynthesis by absorbing light and storing it as an energy source. The energy is then used in the photosynthesis process to feed the plant.

By boosting photosynthesis, chitosan ramps up the production of glucose and other essential carbohydrates, resulting in more significant plant growth and increased biomass.

Research shows chitosan enhances chlorophyll levels:

  • Fenugreek: Chitosan-treated plants under saline stress showed significant increases in chlorophyll levels. Chlorophyll a increased by 43.7%, chlorophyll b by 65.4%, and carotenoids by 28% at 250 mM salinity. (Yahyaabadi et al., 2016).
  • Verbena: Foliar application of chitosan enhanced chlorophyll by 13.4% (Salachna et al., 2017).
  • Rice: Chitosan increased chlorophyll a by 38% and chlorophyll b by 29% under salt stress, improving photosynthesis. It boosted shoot length and dry weight by 20-25%, leading to a higher yield. (Khaleduzzaman et al., 2021).

Chitosan makes plants grow and thrive with its natural properties. With improved photosynthetic capacity, plants can fix more carbon and synthesize growth-promoting carbohydrates, making them stronger and more resilient.

3) Film-Forming Ability

Chitosan forms protective films that can be used to coat seeds and leaves. It creates a barrier to:

  • Prevent pathogen invasion.
  • Maintain moisture around the seed, promoting better germination rates.

Pathogen invasions that attack plants or reduce growth can be limited by:

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Seed Coating

  • Pathogen Protection: Coating seeds with chitosan provides a protective barrier against soil-borne pathogens, reducing infection rates and improving overall plant health during the critical initial growth stages (Dzung et al., 2011).
  • Chitosan films can enhance germination and growth: Chitosan-coated seeds exhibit higher germination rates and better resistance to soil-borne pathogens, improving the chance of seedling growth.

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Foliar Spray

  • Disease Prevention: As a foliar spray, chitosan forms a protective barrier on leaves that prevents the penetration of pathogens. This barrier helps reduce the incidence of diseases like powdery mildew and leaf blight, increasing yield by almost 20% (Walker et al., 2007).
  • Improved Nutrient Absorption: Chitosan's film-forming ability enhances nutrient absorption by improving the leaf's surface characteristics, allowing for better uptake of water and nutrients. This leads to healthier plants with increased growth rates and 42% higher yields (Rahman et al., 2018).

Chitosan's film-forming properties make it effective and versatile in modern agriculture. By protecting seeds and leaves, chitosan promotes healthier, more resilient plants capable of higher productivity and better disease resistance.

4) Increase Stress Tolerance with Chitosan

Soil worldwide is rapidly depleting due to abiotic stresses exacerbated by climate change. Chitosan enhances plants' resilience to withstand these stresses, ensuring survival and growth under challenging conditions:

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Salinity Tolerance

Soil salinity causes osmotic and ionic stress, leading to nutritional imbalances, chemical buildup, limited carbon exchange, and reduced root water uptake – all detrimental to plant growth. Chitosan mitigates these effects by:

  • Alleviates Salt Stress: In saline conditions, applying chitosan alleviates membrane lipid peroxidation in lettuce plants while enhancing crucial stress-survival enzymes like peroxidase and catalase (Zhang et al., 2021).
  • Improves Growth: Under salt stress, chitosan significantly improves plant growth and yield. In common beans, it enhances pigment fractions, carbohydrates, and antioxidants. It reduces hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxidation, and electrolyte leakage (Alenazi et al., 2024).
  • Modulates Ion Concentration: Chitosan curbs sodium accumulation while boosting potassium levels in NaCl-treated plants, maintaining a healthy K+/Na+ ratio vital for overall plant health (Zhang et al., 2021).

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Drought Resistance

Drought severely limits water availability, hindering plant growth and crop yields. Chitosan helps plants cope with drought stress by:

  • Enhancing Antioxidant Enzymes: Chitosan treatment boosts the production of antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) that scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS). These enzymes protect plants from oxidative damage caused by drought (Quitadamo et al., 2021).
  • Improving Water Retention: Chitosan enhances plants' ability to retain water by increasing root growth and improving water uptake efficiency. This helps plants access and utilize water more effectively during drought conditions (Li et al., 2017).
  • Stomatal Closure: Chitosan induces abscisic acid (ABA) synthesis, which triggers stomatal closure. This process reduces water loss through transpiration, helping plants conserve water (Hidangmayum et al., 2019).
  • Boosting Photosynthesis: Even with limited water, chitosan maintains higher photosynthetic activity, allowing plants to continue producing energy for growth (Demehin et al., 2024).
  • Reduced Water Use: Foliar application of chitosan cut water use in pepper plants by 26–43% without affecting biomass production and yield (Bitelli et al., 2017).

These combined effects improve the plant's resilience to drought, enhancing survival rates and productivity under water-limited conditions.

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Temperature Tolerance

Extreme temperatures, whether high (heat stress) or low (frost damage),can severely impair plant growth by damaging cellular structures, inhibiting photosynthesis, and disrupting water uptake. Chitosan enhances tolerance to temperature extremes by:

  • Increasing Yield: Foliar spraying of chitosan with zinc and humic acid helps dry bean plants withstand heat stress from late sowing (Ibrahim & Ramadan, 2015).
  • Improving Membrane Stability: Chitosan treatment preserves membrane integrity, reducing damage from heat stress. This helps maintain cellular function despite high temperatures (Yang et al., 2009).
  • Increasing Cold Tolerance: Chitosan helps plants produce more cold-responsive proteins, enhancing their ability to survive low temperatures. This includes maintaining membrane fluidity and preventing ice crystal formation within cells.
  • Boosting Photosynthesis: Under hot and cold stress, chitosan enables plants to maintain higher photosynthetic rates, ensuring continued energy production and growth (Li et al., 2017).

These combined effects improve resilience to temperature extremes, enhancing survival rates and productivity under either high or low temperatures.

5) Natural Pesticide

Chitosan's antimicrobial properties make it an effective natural biopesticide. It fights off a wide range of pests, from bacteria to fungi.

How Does Chitosan Protect Plants?

The mushrooms Well Shine uses in its chitosan production protect plants through their natural properties:

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Broad-Spectrum Activity

Chitosan is effective against various pathogens, including Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and many fungal species. This broad-spectrum activity ensures comprehensive crop protection (El Hadrami et al., 2010).

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Disrupts Microbial Cell Membranes

Chitosan's positive charge interacts with the negatively charged microbial cell membranes, increasing permeability and leading to leakage of cellular contents. This process causes cell death of microbes, effectively controlling microbial populations (Rabea et al., 2003).

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Stimulates Plant Immunity

Chitosan triggers the production of defense-related enzymes and proteins that fight infections (Badawy & Rabea, 2011).

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Reduction in Chemical Pesticides

Farmers can reduce reliance on synthetic chemical pesticides with chitosan. Promote safer agricultural practices by lowering their environmental impact and decreasing the risk of pesticide residues in food products (El Hadrami et al., 2010).

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Safety and Biodegradability

Chitosan is non-toxic to humans, animals, and plants. Its biodegradability ensures it breaks down naturally in the environment, leaving no harmful residues. This makes it an eco-friendly option for sustainable agriculture.

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Enhanced Crop Yield and Quality

Chitosan helps improve overall crop health by protecting crops from infections and reducing chemical reliance. Healthier plants result in better growth, higher yields, and higher quality.

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Application Versatility

Chitosan can be applied as seed coatings, foliar sprays, and soil amendments. This versatility allows for targeted application methods for optimal protection throughout plant growth.

Chitosan outperforms chemical pesticides as a potent, eco-friendly biopesticide. With its biodegradable and non-toxic nature, chitosan emerges as a sustainable alternative.

By leveraging the antimicrobial properties of chitosan, farmers can adopt more sustainable and effective pest management strategies, leading to healthier crops and a safer environment.

Well Shine Biopolymer provides an all-natural way to boost yields while restoring balance to agricultural ecosystems.

Chitosan for Sustainable Aquaculture

Aquaculture can be an efficient, low-impact way to produce food properly. But fish farms face sustainability challenges like water pollution and disease outbreaks. Chitosan's natural antimicrobial, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties offer a powerful solution.

Chitosan combats diseases, reduces aquaculture pollution, and accelerates fish growth. By incorporating chitosan, aquaculture operations can maximize productivity while prioritizing environmental responsibility.

Chitosan allows a closed-loop aquaculture system by:

  • Improving fish health.
  • Boosting yields.
  • Treating wastewater.
  • Extending shelf-life.
  • Improving seafood quality.

Chitosan unlocks aquaculture's full potential as an efficient, eco-conscious food source.

Harness nature's power with Well Shine Biopolymer. Our mushroom-derived chitosan offers a consistent, high-quality supply to revolutionize sustainable aquaculture practices.

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Chitosan's Ability to Clean Up Aquaculture

A significant issue in fish farming is managing diseases and environmental impact for sustainability.

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Efficiently Absorbs Toxins Found in Fish

The unique antimicrobial property of chitosan improves disease management. Along with being non-toxic, chitosan's capacity to efficiently absorb organic contaminants, pollutants, and heavy metals from the fish assists in disease control.

Chitosan's unique antimicrobial properties improve disease control. Being non-toxic, it efficiently absorbs:

  • Organic pollutants.
  • Contaminants.
  • Heavy metals.

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Efficiently Absorbing Toxins from Water

In wastewater treatment, chitosan extracts these same chemicals and poisons from effluent. It reduces aquaculture's environmental impact, along with other polluting industries.

When delivered correctly, chitosan promises improved fish health and environmental rehabilitation, increasing sustainability (Isibor et al., 2024).

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Wastewater is Improved by Adding Chitosan

Chitosan offers promising applications in water treatment and purification. In doing so, it can align fish farming businesses with the global goal of ensuring access to clean water for all. Here's how it can improve water quality:

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Adsorption of Contaminants

Chitosan-based hydrogels have remarkable bioavailability, biocompatibility, and high pollutant adsorption capacity. With its high surface area, chitosan enhances adsorption capabilities for pollutants, effectively trapping and removing various contaminants from water sources. These include:

  • Heavy metals.
  • Organic contaminants.
  • Microorganisms.
  • Dyes.

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Filtration and Flocculation

Chitosan processes include:

  • Adsorption.
  • Filtration.
  • Flocculation.

It helps remove many contaminants, including:

  • Bacteria.
  • Viruses.
  • Organic compounds.

By coagulating and flocculating suspended solids in wastewater, chitosan lowers:

  • Total dissolved solids (TDS).
  • Chemical oxygen demand (COD).
  • Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).

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Environmental Friendliness

Chitosan water treatment is a sustainable and effective solution for addressing water pollution and scarcity. Chitosan is versatile and suitable for a range of purification methods because it reduces toxins, removes harmful substances, and enhances wastewater quality.

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Chitosan Improves Fish Health

A balanced diet and healthy environment are crucial for farmed fish growth and reproduction. Chitosan supports both, providing biological benefits easily integrated into aquaculture operations.

By incorporating chitosan into fish feed, you leverage its:

  • Antibacterial properties.
  • Antimicrobial action.
  • Antioxidant effects.
  • Immune system stimulation.
  • Anti-tumor properties.
  • Wound healing promotion.
  • Analgesic (pain-relieving) effects.

Additionally, chitosan eliminates heavy metals accumulated in fish flesh. When added to feed formulations, it improves fish well-being, from immunity to growth. Its adaptability allows simple applications tailored to aquaculture needs.

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Supplementing Fish Feed with Chitosan

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Antibacterial and Antimicrobial

Adding Well Shine Biopolymer to feed provides a simple, cost-effective solution for promoting healthy farmed fish and shellfish. Chitosan significantly boosts survival rates against bacterial infections like Vibrio alginolyticus by delivering potent antibacterial and immune-strengthening properties.

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Accelerated Growth

Incorporating chitosan into feed formulations drives faster growth in multiple species. Studies show significant increases in weight and length when supplemented with chitosan. Research already shows growth in:

  • Tilapia.
  • Caspian kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum).
  • Juvenile Barbonymus gonionotus.

There was an increase in protein content and a reduction in lipid and water content.

Aquaculture operations can improve stock health through chitosan's antimicrobial protection while accelerating growth rates for higher yields. This natural feed additive optimizes fish development and productivity through its multifaceted bioactive properties.

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Preserving The Catch

Applying a chitosan coating to harvested fish has significant benefits for storage quality. As a non-toxic antioxidant, chitosan boosts the time fish remain fresh while awaiting consumption. For example, when rainbow trout fillets were coated with chitosan, their overall quality was longer than uncoated fillets (Ojagh et al., 2014).

Chitosan's antimicrobial, antibacterial, and antioxidant properties enable productive, sustainable farming on land and in water. Well Shine Biopolymer can help you achieve an eco-friendly future.

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